Rockets are launched towards Israel from Rafah, in the south of the Gaza Strip. Photograph: Said Khatib/AFP/Getty Images
In the rounds of fighting and violence between Hamas and Israel in Gaza in the last dozen years, one thing has always appeared baked into the proposition. For all their industriousness and attempts at innovation in developing weapons and ways of attacking, Hamas and Islamic Jihad have been at best largely ineffectual when it comes to targeting Israel from inside the Gaza Strip.
From the early rocket systems to labour-intensive attack tunnels and incendiary balloons, the efforts were crude. Even when the rockets became more sophisticated by the time of the 2014 conflict, flying further and with bigger warheads, most of them were shot out of the sky.
Instead, Hamas’s key military attribute appeared to be its resilience under attack when Israeli tanks went in.